Newfoundland (Newfie) Dog Breed information and care

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Newfoundland dogs
Newfoundland Dogs

The Newfoundland is a giant dog with a hard-working spirit and a gentle disposition. The breed is intelligent, noble, and very loyal. Often called Newfs or Newfies, Newfoundlands make excellent working dogs but are also calm and affectionate companions.

Breed Overview




26 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder


100 to 150 pounds

Coat and Color:

Thick double coat in brown, black, gray or black and white

Life Expectancy:

9 to 10 years

Characteristics of the Newfoundland

Affection LevelHigh
Exercise NeedsMedium
Energy LevelMedium
Tendency to BarkMedium
Amount of SheddingHigh
Newfoundland Dogs

History of the Newfoundland

The Newfoundland dog breed originates from the Canadian province of Newfoundland, where it has a rich history as an ideal working dog. These superb water dogs have assisted fisherman, rescued potential drowning victims, and hauled carts. It is believed that the ancestors of Newfies were brought to Newfoundland by European fisherman. Though their exact lineage is widely debated, the most popular theory suggests that the Newfie evolved from Great Pyrenees dogs and black retrievers.

The English botanist Sir Joseph Banks adopted several in the 18th century. A Newfoundland named Seaman was part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition exploring the newly-acquired territories in the early 1800s with his owner, Meriwether Lewis. Other famous owners include Emily Dickinson, Ulysses S. Grant, Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert F. Kennedy, composer Richard Wagner, and John James Audubon.

brown coated dog sitting on brown wooden boardwalk
brown coated dog sitting on brown wooden boardwalk

By the 19th century, Newfies had become popular in England. Soon after, the breed arrived in the U.S. and was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1879. Like many large breeds, their numbers suffered in the U.K. and Europe after the world wars but began a resurgence in the 1950s. There are many tales of Newfoundlands used as water rescue dogs, as well as impromptu rescues done by Newfoundlands when the dog has noted a person in distress.

Newfoundland Care

The Newfie has a thick, medium-long coat that serves as insulation from cold waters. This coat has a relatively high shedding rate (especially in spring and fall) that requires regular grooming, specifically hair-brushing two to three times per week. You will probably need professional grooming as well to keep the dog looking good. These dogs are prone to tracking around debris and mud on their long coats, so be prepared to clean up after your dog returns from playing outside.

The Newfie may naturally wear down its nails due to its large size, but be sure to check the toes and trim the nails as needed. This breed can be a drooler, so many owners prefer to keep a slobber cloth handy. When a Newfie shakes its head, there a good change the spit will go flying.

Newfies have a strong drive to work and protect. They need daily exercise to keep them fit and happy. They love to swim and can be a great companion in the right lake, stream, or pool. In addition, Newfies will benefit from some type of job, such as guarding the home or obedience competitions. In general, these are usually very calm, loyal, and loving companions.

shallow focus photo of long-coated white and brown dog
shallow focus photo of long-coated white and brown dog

Newfies are intelligent dogs that respond very well to training. Proper socialization and training are both very important for all dogs. The giant size of the Newfie make training and socialization essential so you can maintain control of your dog. You'll need to train this dog well for walking on a leash because it is so big and strong.

The Newfoundland is an affectionate and gentle dog breed that makes a delightful companion. These versatile dogs have a natural instinct to protect and assist people, making them wonderful service dogs and family pets. Typically, this breed gets along very well with children but a Newfie may not realize its size. Use caution around very small children.

You don't necessarily need a huge home and large yard to have a Newfie but a very tiny home can make things difficult. Make sure there is enough room in your home for a dog that weighs over 100 pounds to get around comfortably. Also, be sure you have the space for large dog beds and lots of dog supplies.

While Newfoundlands do well in cold weather, they will need a cool place to hang out in hot weather so they don't overheat.

Newfoundland puppy
Newfoundland Puppy
Newfoundland playing in water
Newfoundland Playing In Water

Common Health Problems

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions but some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. As with any dog breed, it's important to visit the veterinarian for regular checkups. Your vet may be able to detect health problems early. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

short-coated black dog near tree
short-coated black dog near tree
newfoundlands as pets illustration
Newfoundlands As Pets Illustration

Diet and Nutrition

A Newfoundland should be fed twice a day with up to 2.5 cups of dry dog food per meal. The appropriate amount will depend on your dog's individual size, activity level, age, and any health conditions. Provide access to fresh, clean water.

This breed may experience bloating and stomach torsion, which is a medical emergency. It's best not to provide only one meal as the dog may gulp it down and increase the risk of this problem. Many vets recommend that you don't exercise your dog for an hour after it has eaten.

Be sure to monitor your pet's weight to prevent obesity, which can shorten a dog's lifespan and contribute to other health conditions. Discuss your dog's nutritional needs with your veterinarian as they will change throughout your pet's life. Your vet should be able to recommend the right food, amount, and feeding schedule.

Best Giant Dog Breeds for People Who Want Impressive Pets
brown dog drinking water
brown dog drinking water
  • Loyal companion

  • Instincts to protect and assist

  • Generally calm dogs

  • Requires a lot of room

  • High shedder

  • Slobbery dog

Where to Adopt or Buy a Newfoundland

There are Newfoundland breeders located around the country. To buy a healthy and well-bred dog, contact a reputable source to connect with local breeders that have met specific requirements, including sharing sponsors, breeding history, and more, or try a rescue.

More Dog Breeds and Further Research

If you would love to get a Newfoundland of your own, make sure to do research first. Ask veterinarians, Newfie owners, reputable breeders, and Newfie rescue groups for more information about the breed.

brown-coated dog
brown-coated dog
adult fawn pug on sand
adult fawn pug on sand

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