Pavement heats up quickly and gets even hotter than the air surrounding it so when it is hot outside, the ground can potentially cause burns to bare feet and paw pads. Knowing when it's too hot to walk a dog or how to prevent its paws from burning is crucial in preventing burns and discomfort in your pet.
Dog Foot Anatomy
Dogs have feet that may be covered with fur, but they also have paw pads that lack this furry covering. Paw pads are great for protecting the feet from rough surfaces, provide shock absorption, and traction but they aren't immune to burns. Dogs have six paw pads on each foot and each paw pad is made up of a thick skin, fat, and connective tissue.
Pavement and Air Temperatures
Any hard road or street surface can be considered pavement and while black asphalt pavement is especially concerning when it comes to heating up, even concrete surfaces can get too hot for a dog to walk barefoot on. Despite what one might think, the temperature of the air is not the same as the temperature of the pavement. This means that as it gets warmer outside the ground can approach scalding temperatures that are unsafe for paw pads.
Asphalt temperatures can be up to 60 degrees hotter than the air temperature (when in direct sunlight with no wind and low humidity) so it's important to be aware of the difference between pavement and air temperatures.
|Air Temperature Vs. Pavement Temperature|
|77 degrees F||125 degrees F|
|86 degrees F||135 degrees F|
|87 degrees F||143 degrees F|
When Does a Burn Occur?
It only takes 60 seconds on pavement that is 125 degrees F for a dog's paws to burn. This means even if it's only 77 degrees F outside the pavement could potentially be hot enough to burn a dog's feet if it stands on it for long enough.
Alternatives to Walking on Pavement
Dogs need exercise so if it's too hot to walk on the pavement then you might wonder how else you can provide the necessary energy exertion for your dog. The most simple alternative to walking on pavement would be to walk on grass or soil. These surfaces do not heat up as much as the hard pavement and are typically safe to walk on. If there is no grass to walk on, consider swimming in a pond or lake, going on a walk inside the house, playing in a grassy yard, going to a dog park, or spending some time at doggie daycare.
Preventing Burns on Pavement
If walking on the pavement is unavoidable, consider options to protect your dog's feet from burns. Dog shoes, socks, and booties may seem silly at first but are simple and effective ways to protect dog paw pads from burning. A variety of styles and sizes exist with some being bulkier than others. If your dog is not used to wearing shoes, socks, or booties than you'll want to allow it time to adjust to them before going outside on a walk. Put the foot coverings on your dog's feet to wear while in the house and let it figure out how to walk without tripping over itself.
Paw wax is another alternative to a dog wearing shoes or boots. Special wax is easily applied to a dog's paw pads before walking and dries in seconds to provide a protective barrier. Most paw waxes only need to be applied every few days or weekly and are non-toxic in case your dog licks its feet.
Finally, walking your dog earlier in the day before the pavement has had a chance to heat up or later in the day after the pavement cools off may be necessary to prevent foot burns. Sometimes simply changing your walk schedule is all you need to do to keep your dog safe.
When is it Safe to Walk a Dog on Pavement?
It may be hard to know exactly when the pavement is safe for a dog to walk on but if the air temperature is 76 degrees F or cooler than you needn't worry. If it is above this temperature a laser temperature gun can be aimed at the pavement to check if it is too hot to walk on. Another simple way to tell whether or not the pavement is too hot for your dog to walk on is to put your bare hand on it and try to hold it there for 10 seconds. If it is too hot for you to keep your hand on for 10 seconds or less then it is too hot for your dog to walk on.